The play was almost immediately translated into English in 1964 as The Deputy. The book marvelously illustrates the larger issues as they played out on very personal levels, from Vatican backstabbing to Mussolini's family relationships. By November 8, 1938 at the latest he must have witnessed with his own eyes the acts of terror committted against the Jewish citizens of Germany. The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe is a 2014 Pulitzer Prize winner biography of Pope Pius XI about his relations with Benito Mussolini and rise of Fascism in Europe by David Kertzer. He had been born on May 31, 1857 is Desio, Italy. Mussolini leaving. Yet they also had traits in common. . It would seem that anyone who holds a responsible post for any length of time under an autocrat--whether it be Hitler or Pius XII--surrenders his own personality. Requiem: XI. One was scholarly and devout, the other thuggish and profane. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Both Pope Pius XI and Mussolini came to power in Rome in 1922. By continuing to use this website, you consent to Columbia University's usage of cookies and similar technologies, in accordance with the [2], The Pope and Mussolini won the 2015 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography. The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe is a 2014 Pulitzer Prize winner biography of Pope Pius XI about his relations with Benito Mussolini and rise of Fascism in Europe by David Kertzer. Italian researchers such as Emma Fattorini, Alberto Guasco and Giovanni Sale have studied the Church and Fascism in depth, and have benefited from the opening of the Vatican Archives. Again and again the Pope expressed his uneasiness: “It is impossible that Christians follow anti-Semitism . Although Italy was on the winning side, the post-war years here were marked by social unrest and political instability. A ground-breaking work, based on seven years of research in the Vatican and Fascist archives by US National Book Award-finalist David Kertzer, it will forever change our understanding of the Vatican's role in … But we know today that it was the Cardinal who in 1937 asked the Archbishop of Munich, Faulhaber, for a draft of the encyclical “With Burning Concern.” He expanded it and intensified it in tone. pope and mussolini secret history of pius xi rise fascism in europe david i kertzer can be one of the options to accompany you like having additional time. . Kertzer begins in the year 1918. . Quia Pius … In a spiritual sense, we are all Semites.” In Mussolini's circle, there was fear of a public condemnation of racial politics by the Church leader. Pius’s pontificate soon witnessed the rise to power of Benito Mussolini, who signed (February 11, 1929) with him the Lateran Treaty that allowed the existence of … : Franz Hrth SJ als "Holy Ghostwriter" von Pius XI. The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe: 16,17€ 2: Das päpstliche Lehramt auf dem Prüfstand der Geschichte: Franz Hürth SJ als „Holy Ghostwriter“ von Pius XI. The book examined documentary evidence from the Vatican archives, arguing that Pope Pius XI played a significant role in supporting the rise of Fascism and Benito Mussolini in Italy, but not of Nazism in Germany. His warning against the growing cult of the Führer remained unanswered: “Tell Signor Mussolini on my behalf that I do not like his attempts to become a quasi-deity.” People would “sooner or later smash their images of gods. The pontiff did not publicly protest against the nationwide collection of wedding rings that were melted-down in support of the conquest of Abyssinia, which was contrary to international law. —Rolf Hochhuth, opening stage directions of The Deputy. In 1937, he had advised him against condemning the National Socialist persecution of the Church in an encyclical. Pius XI died on February 10th, 1939, just after finishing the address he hoped to deliver to the Italian bishops on the tenth anniversary of the Lateran Pact. Featured Image: Author unknown, Achille Ratti, later Pius XI, as a cardinal and apostolic nuncio in Poland around 1919; Source: Wikimedia Commons, PD-Old-70. He knows how to build up tension and keep it up to the last page. The New Yorker called the book "A fascinating and tragic story. Mussolini demanded absolute power and the pope demanded a dominant position for the Church. Cardinal Robert Sarah on the consequences of the dictatorship of noise. The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe Das päpstliche Lehramt auf dem Prüfstand der Geschichte: Franz Hürth SJ als „Holy Ghostwriter“ von Pius XI. und Pius XII. Robert Cardinal Sarah, Copyright © 2020 The "Duce" tried from the beginning to get on the Church’s good side. His followers brutalized priests and Catholic laypeople who opposed fascism. . The Pope and Mussolini tells the story of two men who came to power in 1922, and together changed the course of 20th-century history. Church Life Journal EDITORIAL NOTE: Our special thanks go out to Professor Ulrich Lehner for putting us in touch with Professor Ernesti. They all come together in  The Pope and Mussolini  to document, with meticulous scholarship and novelistic flair, the complicity between Pius XI and the Fascist leader in creating an unholy alliance between the Vatican and a totalitarian government rooted in corruption and brutality. Incidentally, the original English title of the book reflects the content much more accurately: because, unlike in the German title, there was no “First Deputy.”. Pius XI became pope, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church, on February 6, 1922, after the death of Benedict XV. One was scholarly and devout, the other thuggish and profane. CU Pope Pius XI. Thus David Kertzer says, for instance: “Cardinal Pacelli remained Mussolini's most powerful ally in the Vatican.” One misses differentiations: A concordat is not a "secret pact" and does not imply the approval of a certain form of rule by the Vatican, but only seeks to secure its own legal position. Neither side, however, risked the utmost, the termination of the Concordat. Mussolini, a failed assistant teacher, anti-clerical journalist and ex-socialist, had effectively seized power in 1922. Mussolini is portrayed as a monomaniacal loner with a debauched love life. The compelling story of Pope Pius XI's secret relations with Benito Mussolini. Both sacrificed principle to achieve their goals. The Pope and Mussolini tells the story of two men who came to power in 1922, and together changed the course of twentieth-century history. Kertzer shows how the relationship between Pope Pius XI and Benito Mussolini played into the rise of Fascism and anti-Semitism. This essay was translated by the author with the help of the www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version). Afterwards the situation eased somewhat, but there were repeated conflicts between Pius XI and Mussolini, who despised each other deeply. [1] The book examined documentary evidence from the Vatican archives, arguing that Pope Pius XI played a significant role in supporting the rise of Fascism and Benito Mussolini in Italy, but not of Nazism in Germany. But with the treaty no peace returned to the relationship between Church and state. … Just invest little mature to log on this on-line pronouncement the pope and mussolini Page 3/9. und Pius XII. Notre Dame, IN 46556 USA. The German playwright Rolf Hochhuth started a worldwide avalanche when he published the play Der Stellvertreter in 1963. The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe - Ebook written by David I. Kertzer. Up to now he was considered to be a pope who did not shy away from criticizing the totalitarian regimes of his time. und Pius XII. The Vatican was re-established as a sovereign state, a financial agreement compensated for what had been lost in 1870, and in a concordat the church was granted extensive privileges (status of a state religion, religious education, recognition of Church marriage). In most respects, they could not have been more different. It is hard to say how a man with so likable a face could, in good conscience, reconcile himself to the continuance of the Concordat between the Curia and the Government of the Third Reich, even when Catholic Jews were deported. [7], Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography, "The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe", "2015 Pulitzer Winners: Charleston, S.C., Paper Wins Public Service Prize; New York Times Wins 3", "How a Pope Helped Mussolini Rise to Power And tried to stop him before it was too late", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Pope_and_Mussolini&oldid=984567042, Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography-winning works, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 20:06. Lay organizations organized in the election of 1921, the other thuggish profane! 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