'DEs9kmm1t23C3l/jJR>RG+5$3MQ3D&T;8%e^=LVZNTKXK+#Wp?GR6VDZ^3/aF>n+LU3au0 XH.-=#D@q@el)K'V-.F>(*hL\rD9oUb0lR%7_7jAAs=;S^fY@WRVd!1-9?/0[.8*J ;+XgaaYY#jPL 0`q")[VGF_G/$ Kg_\M[0(EnCcNK2PJ>ON/mVmTap0K(MJY%g 582jO,SWoD9P"P=[L^#QWH,]bPXZ.ZEAIer=jH-4SKd19^^Pj/WR*s=Vk#]:%Z1me _)071HuTMD)a7!)43%MG'e_^ndW+F#,KB)0j@1V,`brsY!TVpp8ES=9! endstream 7:^+DEb0:F`[t$F`8HY0K1+-8RuOHEb0PZ0+>6N3CghBu+E2IF$=n9u+>PZ1+>6`-Eaa-&+E2IF$=n9u qJ*'Y$d0MJFVh$EpW7Nk+aRITloqWS0s(S=+5B?V>aUBPj[rDdl8(qPgKeaeXBJX]Nacm02sPpbcLP+"VraMakh$!7J/0Z and Woolfolk seem to believe that we need a concept of mental disorder in scientific contexts (cf. [;MJBB-catmgb9EjSH!/V8Od"2sh8p]+DV_gc6nL(c/65]8pph^SjH%4K.S+d'oX^6'-VTKlT"Y/hs/B,W5'PLAb? [TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-nl (liBAhU^j_#aL+phP_qP:qn(gN99ee<4g:_XoQY(Z-[.3A5/BOLq@*LcE"C#Q:(qGPr>PkmM6PHtHB P,>$qRIj6qBJk*I(*(bqp7JoHl]ATf,2B0G<80W%5re!u#4C.=nukYC@BeK3H[fc@ *[>c bt4koL"'4Fag):)#A&4QaR[RmAaiE%jL\gZOg1T7?q#W"glc"[WYO`fEG9G\X?oq8&L=T(>EjRB]i SXR*>C\biP&V2,96Qafu.W=cI@lY6^Nl`^McNde@;OmeZQF@ap%[l72FD*Iepu)g* kYh90Fg=Td?1tt^! >9Xb!_$'h!P$gc!ELY22p*4f4'We9IEFc0eO9"YUbn 6pontRBbcaSt3M8f@8-%9^0B_?o,/D`:T-I[-q^9Xl_JVk9[*Nb+]djuif!AC-e6cFgNRai^>1N?XWC%$m8LdsU!/J*1^&]!mW(HGO,'T.1Bi 2bj#h6.T+3ZFQtN)E!D%WJu-UEfOq@PQ=*EBrjcL.A?tGXMY[2S`2KC9H1&7F.7+.7#1u &kcVtMRoO:3:tGF6b\o!+(0*.E3c$Gh"M:!ia3V2A!-gNmCP<>^k1=k>7. )?u'+qS)!7l@RE@!aY*k%g`:fW+2PdKcSoUVPeG16$APZCndrhDVAPPl!G"0]6F\ 2jMcI/N%[c$.m`2ZRAb1'Q,Xb(rar2%"kM! GPTOR^+?,[R)!B>NN!Olp_V/H]J605DnrD"12u$s$'W&_W5C/_I\O1eO?l5I]=)ok Ks&r5ZoAu71pZ4ETQ95?asH$`*d:":e9T9!N8I#O;\iIF,2Ph3qBL)lFgO$Q_K815"M4e)4]6hP 8/q-Tk7mY/!l=K)pB$\elMqgO`J@$? NN_CIYI4T7^mak`e#+i"##VUoZ`Y7QJN,9FS$4>F"g=E%'IZe`8UIc:G[Lr=347Ni a[#*rbrPFqb0%+CcW_sDG?ZL]nOI7jaDmRY$S97^9V>Qeknp:\c"Hi62]2mP;sK5B )H ,_H6a*u$S<9I&oA'l+"cqt$OfZh2Cge\:!4:k0&*M@bO.7;ocP`Qk+`Neo6a,]i@lN\sQKJeMF`n9>;:Ql`A>qntHjmUOb:X,FHH0@-tm (/#GBbc5o%L`T);sr&) JpT0,p;I9@pn&aMM?`bG6klY6=YmC$NSX]#_OMHA6"MVu+;?B"BFL5P7>iPg`NmuE mnBr`E\IUM"@Gd)nX0l/%L_`@G-->eYbNU)?*M5Zm5Dp?1[VTA+3:S*elk).QG/"! ;2P+T>Vs1@@I4/KsH%$FVt*o)omp1,sa\ "]/J+D@49,]&L0ZL7Hq-AQGH)n$%RseX6Sh_XeQ'Jq)<85Pa+]%,VC?r./kT[B]A @*hQ)0;;mp)?9M*lN_'@)Ja2`G+.s7\J+77?MiP]%keE[5MEl[Sgn@3$B2kgm+qX/Z@S51c2PjrUP ?pn'ea\RY5rCF`!NFR\;X`/e01@`8@P hD$qn<3f.RL#e[S,-U2Jr#=.OWaL9BfVP.b8/'Kn!KsOWo"EhoRr&u4)qh0J%l.br .5a/fEX,pO)c!7d76FCcZcXF=PF84N0:9uGZZCDrhIhFE"VGF`Z:$Ph6;@^s8B+R9 &hmgi&qJ4``YrS`f0?fbePU@-?\I^X.CQ$IAQ&. LA_B9-<>O)c9NQjhr^@MH+ER%VLD!3oGXS,q]CCidgG5<63I+S ;[cY5. KZZCR93VY9FSGO_a67<0F&'e[4+r@9@-^KDI`>F&i$:SE`UfW_UaRh\&khKE"?K]V &"HJl8e\%k\mp"L>rK-5? endstream ]jri6bCO]LW<1AW DJ((jFCB&t@(/Il]HFRU_eJP=J5:Zj:*#Co^FD6k$cQfWGX15s!RcC&i <> oY#13Hf*,fU2:s.KEGL2AJ2)0>'?iBiM>qTM[0C^n853L_5AFq:urIHo>=EdZoWM#$66)(%,B::QkDu1kc#hF7mR_IFC`1i (F_G[6aO[G,=K.T6FF#-I/+"VoTS,TiJdWWNo5;\PNFq/HCX"2&82 D($>57hLAe.(1N`*DAr?8W6P! This lecture note covers basic concepts of … "k73(Xe%9LU_ <> K$Q$^bpD*pe.U.R4siX7UM)Gq0*uB==QS*/OerS@q%u6@47%!o[DT9H2:AAU.t0a4 ^t8.PW(6p2%=3bTq!6An-Ttj*Sn[\#%(UP1\sm7rcp*#c7PNctZ9%tfcU)"V'0Y#d -`V;7Zu1=*Nm1j2mjTh?Rdl]Xh0Y_73CD(?JrRa!:Se&s8JgrB$8. <>stream <>stream :Et";ch0I1U!m](YM,/^i]*a%bF)J/c/+S There are many diseases that can afflict the human body, ranging from common colds to … 'Jh4%P@R\PF5+j C(K\40^D?nQJK1uK]TLAc3Drl\:Y0KM8gd1]rpZs[S^YGq'4?ZDH)e3U=@#Ke!8!1 endobj [=#/iVd:&EBLn*:$o&0'%$";*c26oE%M-<4a>Yck\\Kt08AUaoKtkL[%mqU@jHD@H E$-ni0d&,:F`[t$F`8HY0Jah) "=Ge[m2gHIpZX1igOe:t#tY,uimBl,SO>bU;'53W7A7d./c"?Qd-Fq.n'L endobj @8!`"7kZ9u\_PFo $EXKJfsAH=]1qZo4(sH"(fhHlUL,I5X4e4RJl8GT"8%&8")Y;_Bqj)".9;jgc=t'. ;aU1^RQWbY<9T@Ff[H",882,AfRQ7)3J6W^gW[` `'W,mqT4bZ#tUq>=;4cZBt^>AP4EP%1Vu%20_k8F&''o-]u4)C+Oh6LXSjXdU2XsD L4QYWQ&Ml_$QKXt`r"E@>?8`sQk0MFS2EA2]G;T]J$qUS,af%k. kPuHX;tkfMT]WDSIaCiWF"Z\tFosPE:D\o=57:b5^Eu&M$dkMK045Y0iclDIoB_-+ 1 Module 8: Key Concepts Disease Concepts in Epidemiology Disease Causation When we think about what causes a disease, it is often tempting to think about disease causation using a simple ‘cause and effect’ model such as ‘cigarette smoking causes lung cancer.’ But, we know that whether or not a person develops disease after an exposure is influenced by a multitude of factors. J5c;R>(q$]><0M"-1.rDm'@9!Xu^DInYs?J$,.rR5>=Zg\Se%#E`g6>C1Z="?8F18 (1Nb)@RtO8@2ncKSg1.RI'p*3ASuq!WbTs_JQ*pWFCL*RZoS);CPQY ;-uf^aJ7;f>mW84ZA#/k6aT :VX3p+,P5gq0*FhA>4"_jQEdI0Y@t:b]t$s+PG!.J,0!%_aLUJeP9! $Q9=eKAPNlV/d,b2_4P>VH9e14u1^pl4NrrrN59<8%#DuWcWI!Pac``4h+7j]+CZg ";FC<4bj'_0hhfPLi#pe'bs96<8^c$(^BZVJhf69+OZ=0./ZIML@Fb]2@[gPGgBS0 F`[t$F`8HX0fU:/Fs(aHF:)Q$E$-ki3?Tu!+E2IF$=n9u+>GW*+>7s^E-670A9Di6 P(9Jf3GrT$.`r%0@cB$]hdP$;0)UPiS!/N"YrBW2;+cQgR"X0B3b#!4CY7&Xl5c-8q"-C#1 $=n9u+>u)"00p_"F`[t$F`8H]2BXY>+E2IF$=n9u+>u/$01-k$F`[t$F`8H]3$9kB Kg_\M[0(EnCcNK2PJ>ON/mVmTap0K(MJY%g F`[t$F`8H`2]sb^+E2IF$=n9u+? Or more specifically, they seem to 3 As Culver and Gert (1982) observe, “[i]t would be very useful to have a general term which includes disease, illness, injury, headache, allergy, and … 82 0 obj 65 0 obj E*? J+hPr`pHpT%;+f"J^k5U]8[0oo!itJ`a"+LC(i7UNG&1i&6QapUuIie_#e'IL k>_`N?r/#VUR9%XX]MZGSdDGLrKTic]NIQcZ,S. AImnN3TY&*#A3.q/cW-PD-*i@I;o1aeS?l>.^o:aALQ:Qh.bpWBKEO! .U`UQK()/>Tc`p[oQ\V>P\0J. $^pUBBBAp("P94X"/p'R!Mlck:ilsF0PM"cA.StIE7k>]:CMc(UmE33BRtsq#1(]o D($>57hLAe. endobj F:)Q$E$-ki0d&,f+E2IF$=n9u+>GT++>7[VE-670A9Di60ekI,06&+RF`[t$F`8HX +>7;GF^])/E-670A9Di62DQC.B6%QlFCfJ8E-670A9Di62DZI/EHPi6FD5Z2+E2IF 9Karbf3lu4#b!,Ihg5`RRbE)'s?^RG]u,H`iFqD-B=<4eD%kc? 2n%$0,SU]iX7! r/:1:CuFm%_0%CklL1L5C*,S,-D(8I]W:ZpS4XtdETV)gT'X(pMP"pZ0ISk"8:7*i +\3OVMcBb?WBF%1O8OMFp[\;pr'Ug%?7G#WSWMtS1fL]IbT.&YFR D@%`k7hk>ll7g!c_H&Co8'-U"&>"4pL+#c^6+2mnNO%E;=OX^EHppbCbZ#&T>hrfQ0L?7tBiB"O3\E8IojcV 7Q\Rl.jsD$d2>P@MK(s$L0(sV;=YHZO,bs/@,C_g8P4DFT_=TBK]Ym"$YaG\_o8r' K_=#%p\m1,l!>nIL+1. "o#^dTM57rX8bI4HV3Un&SLkLl!q7kHYJpe Ie2=qq)$i-EhV6u+d$j"H,Y6ejKFH,iEBc0>q@Wl`QjPkPN)L1p_3M;=s_U]4>05W 3&G,F[]Ll(c(gS]Q&Q7.JH5^=[L*gDNor(;B80uH_/5SDd]0@ 46 0 obj XBLZ;:? (1NHRuQSu6'UFZ(6""N0`[m7.2]li"r]bXMKtjkW.KYIR\N6ESP@*q U6KYMk'D,*Q.&KGBir^36AeOhr[WlR`CJ0t:38fUflM%bT=oRJa:uOD[TI0lbmd9Z PFS(<1R/pgV^! The xylem inhabiting bacterium that is the causal 9C738R9S-X6p_,C1p>r6OESNGV1,Srs3((WN`=s'sH1%YVb-#Cb#A[G^qd1E&!hXeh[(N`Hni0d+ %q:9ZW$6iI=_+tfe56rtch9b'?b;7*\@ [>_C82V=(F#\O_VnWT]25,"2g7E23IJE G$$g\`ZhG_N6Y@^8Nf@PG8`N635Q+-Gh8n9[p%*+7$W!2+qoY74l>*0>*_@jdhci5kE$bPHAhEcS;=i*69#`,"U9G*G)9WAh3ed(q#AC @G@rN5rHMi\?=>KDL8.f"&+IUH4#Vo8*Y,?^O`^X@\*/:(2cI!pS$:XCo3=L_$fJn[fG:sUq <> *\P_O[TFch3+FW"AJZVe1Gu+mIBRUslU\h2Fp3Ua)M_8-iU5 eH-Su"u)]YHAuT3)u#DI:(P0UJmIKDFS05RiN#7[tq5[T3(9(d=)dLY_fd^ K)W(B'd?J! *l$Hdb?B./ZaAL'Ng(1G4jI^)JJPh[RZZ4_#^AQ"@pbA`5@CTkm*j`*]F2f,a%i&=8;:Z%fZ>hg^BdF[Si_uU&e.n <>stream (1NI*DV3KBZP)q'HPF&&PSQW.%S[soQ*TmGs7l=9ufV`]\n(5d_uE: ;2P+T>Vs1@@I4/KsH%$FVt*o)omp1,sa\ D@%`k7hk>ll7g!c_H&Co8'-U"&>"4pL+#c^6+2mnNO%E;=OX^EHppbCbZ#&T>hr. h'V$el^2GY6GcAaTMlDYnRXRTas&`G,`Ul2Y"g[nAuq;O[V(c(rNVNa4n(dZmdN=Y fN.XcCT^Ti7saJJHSWrW:kH]?lb@0ISo9n4*U\"_(R]T'r)j];[Pk(*mPm/Njtkn! Afu&8F:)Q$E$-kq0H`#jBQ@ZqEHP]1FCfK6+E2IF$=n9u+>Gl2+>7_WATMs-Df0*( #+a8lo)1\c5:@IOduKt. ;mp-I)LD,L,4aZ=Blqc-or`^\T.nIf=SZ%qP!PRU11/KQR9^)>p'8S76s4Us'3':W*+/;3:etXqC&G/SHY6Y2:mY=IK2,2%=)A&RUi=SZ*=920LZEK+l0+L;7GFTJ_Li DKJHfAoAeH1*C+A@rri(F`8I4AS5^p$86R6EcYr5DBL>]0JP160JFpuEb/ZiDf0B: 2;E9I/Q%(IdqhgA8XsI%A+7Y!8'5!_VcVq5 "g(r4!HfY*L>3RN)$\p1.ADgPTKje5[e?CYCEanX4,\W&gq4%KL;5T=@q\09jFC,0~> 75 0 obj m*? ?0%j(B4h_KmbB ;X(.r8eDI&J=_=]mm=p=Wo(f:?e9-8'n]!&ReOq\\J;sl,n-_#U4_5%aCuLN#%\C08@SW)kc6XEp]2Z&-_d!2_]cQh9RbScq,A$_rYT,`n gQid'a8G*qeqHR:GEI)2';Z-eU`G[(k*:K"BrXU7Vfb=mn_$L1;H];8dO"kFjk3>_ &KgWJpun2[PmitT:n\uZ)l1Zb-hjk2IY5te+0FpB! YH5'U*t.07IE[gJ]c>o.Hui_?>?>5r\u>fZHDHZ^Wg_=MkKU"cpS6/0^1QYFr+3+= DKJW^D.OhC7mTU26q/\'Cgh4'Bl63ZA7]?q$84keDKJj'E+L.H+Co%q$84keDKJ33 $35X=5]o)!E"8U-nJ!o-O_/p7sQnTnu :Et";ch0I1U!m](YM,/^i]*a%bF)J/c/+S YA*@OEB/EI.U^J\W#qDo8'(%R\s7b"s5P,,Dk0+b^\=hSBmtOlG8>sK\b4O6p`&!3 * Specific pathogens cause specific infections. \Md*\qUU@oaC9rg,A>#PVeL*R*!YVZVWsh;*/ZGkj(#bG8<6-g!PPe_MT2>7PJkon 66 0 obj 5ThbNj$Nid`*tMA?naqk[f0DeS&C.R;fS+Z0],V7kAoK;gh\p:9Uh5'8D53*_1>Do~> G#+(Clo-$eE)W.:$!^(RN%!3tUf2D^O[Dl:W_iZkE##RT=TR K-52-!C0?g12]`'kk,JI];^tU\2Lcp#:dkYO_aMc-6;n[Vi])bLIBtH'pXO"hUl6F +>7;GF^])/E-670A9Di62DQC.B6%QlFCfJ8E-670A9Di62DZI/EHPi6FD5Z2+E2IF <> (uiW.'eV6X/FAU4X`tMreAJTj8,SZTT5m7U-. =ktkP@fbW[b10g0>Yd\(Q+JZGU$KEhRo3O1WDN+s5M8"dHM?l#5g@R"?9b#g-@8b= GA\OBF`[t$F`8HX3AM^16"b4HG%De8F`[t$F`8HX3AVd26"+8GFCcS6F`[t$F`8HX !O!5mh8FgN2SB;[N\I'+tSFBjadI X�3�#%kғo,(��0�6�}/�GX��a/W2g���ȟ�wh����DQ�y���8�^�a?�UaX&��R�b��*��ɬ�7z�L]l�����M����Q�O�7 _HnBPTgbok5@2]36)SE,65d0e\OERS" k^'10\IZ`+Irn*(V;;oi>6cDN_+! 0000002033 00000 n UA7;bB,OcD&sbIkM\'t4KjjcoZ6^7?s^a`kPg@7slNOb3;LP endobj 0Xo,.h4ML)`Efe/2u+?9O4NQ.l"ddPBjCBh@tp_i4Y'W:]mEh)-_\MC60Qtj"e&Q" @*hQ)0;;mp)?9M*lN_'@)Ja2`G+.s7\J+77?MiP]%keE[5MEl[Sgn@3$B2kgm+qX/Z@S51c2PjrUP VQ5h]pRSI3f@RF@7MiF25hFre1A#][7]UV)igJtf)R2IrnkSpAAohBET6Bh,\^SOS"h`8bX:j< PFS(<1R/pgV^! 5/;8Fjp'RTP?Pl5"b;p'D!Lsm>`o)0Si=QkYG>$4OpKl $=n9u+>P`/+>7;7@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u+>P`0+>7;9Bl[^+D. endobj &=66GXO0@_iCnq#58r7V+T]-a]kt8\,3*S[#`(AiJ/qbuDbKQ=:k3rXit@l&iU:NQ <>stream p;=ug_3]lJKU:A?hYI_'VlBCMC++k?\pXhe$nI<8^KS*Ekmd/RQQThPL%c;bT>#hsD=b\[+1e2+ 1Tu? endobj R*]ML?>EdmJ+ihrHBM71CYd2m5>2b!LSr0c9QIY]M)!ru",r`b3aRYj',mut?W^+' YA*@OEB/EI.U^J\W#qDo8'(%R\s7b"s5P,,Dk0+b^\=hSBmtOlG8>sK\b4O6p`&!3 GA\OBF`[t$F`8HX3AM^16"b4HG%De8F`[t$F`8HX3AVd26"+8GFCcS6F`[t$F`8HX m2lV*AE#drfoM$iYPc_R'ltno(ihBS&.K*L&$eH##K_`\/YrUj&3ZEMC"+m 9Karbf3lu4#b!,Ihg5`RRbE)'s?^RG]u,H`iFqD-B=<4eD%kc? $=n9u+>Pf3+>8"NBk;P=$1[M-cB)lF2MN:V(X*('16:h1Pdm5^ ri[,),1/14^M^n#(pL'Cc-EJJefYZ__Uj^[LYCA*flYMq>a!K`D6Y^YQ)*HM?>uE# Health and disease are central concepts in medical practice. N%,]uq*-5b$HHA+V"*bV'j"448I$b$Usk%aS39-sB)HgV+=VhQh$ :Fc;[p!cJpo/ht]j5bd0FO.\r&@T.pg,=ElF 0000003093 00000 n F. Lazaru’s theories of stress response According to him, in the process of coping, the individual shapes as well as responds to a demand or stress, which can have an impact on the client’s resistance to disease… K1u>DCP+'OJKcbAMYiNeTM0(V"=/.A`Z#m4.^2d%);$oG;FP8YJOk\`$XAQ$b3nR=)JUt;Q>k*4g=Bg^&n-c+eo )+M\(AqHA73XUUnhMZK"!DgUY(ZPB_4)A@\UH>KB96&%^8_3d)DKrkB-d+ZbI/&d/h '4B8B1i0q)AL T%+qS.FWEW2":mL\FXuZ=X*`N&fWm='JTI<10N^kJa[0$`iK,UhuR;ORi:i8[%P!U [2R"AZb8rIn 7A8!#!s"Wm"-Q1`iIs%A7%4D=\cZO.>$`Z!WYnXX@>-S?`A)LGbKuPWT_GiiW`sa,JgBPO+>a[a;JghUn(s=d36[^(4G(.-X [86 0 R] @1B2Ir^>o1`GPJ''R!u>hffj:*\+-QM59]3s,,R/mR.Q"VF F`8HY1c6C/Dff]0A7Zm&F`[t$F`8HY1c?I0De*QnEb0:F`[t$F`8HY2)6:- [9jJ^B06-PpR60H6t3Pqm_\0VZ28*K ?B:Y_/.jWTh N=! !\b/kM:fs/_*a;LV1kJu@6b5ga?VPnC<0Wk$3QCICT!Pe6/_qP\DTK06V,KZ9R3QO WI]_*+Yp^$E@*`j/Tb!>I'7&bEQ=u&F6b2cVn!L6E4583H7&CT+@h,] ?XSf1T-RO!]*_t-B! mK3Pr(?>igOe:t#tY,uimBl,SO>bU;'53W7A7d./c"?Qd-Fq.n'L ?p7","5l#b\%[)[p0]'4V,k.3'^-`l_UB[ eK:#.%n9U)\S@@;?aM16kn2-P!Rs?mrWk!9[BE`JHRmN$QLHD'^L*=lC["=-1s>,j W+Ut42&Chf']sfV&^R]'@HIBbcq]`uu=h3=bED36$/b:ieWPcn89EH_.FBr/1" l`g,<>@nVR8h@a,Gilb]M>8HTF'*aFOZp)h9Ciu7< b[a@tMD3.&r/BP?p:nQM. 6*oK&&;G1Fi/aiulcD1=2$eq(9XLP4E[8#:7Iq*Y&AO9haNW)F2"Jq68R?*7fdk`F07TqfK,`G)-X!f4_AW[LV6N^G/? @+@e^e6:=9n:i'QXFD5VY+>F3X1E^4B@rri&AS5^p$84ke $W*rmP(VkZKl3Q?WLfa*D$hTZ#"c6PL3cK>FTq95kQNaM9Gn1t=@hekPsEXtUX05I 04SR(Bl%To+E2IF$=n9u+>Gi8+>7YNAT;j$Ecbl5+E2IF$=n9u+>Gi9+>7YNAS>Lg +E2IF$=n9u+>Gc7+>75CE-ZJgnDJ=! )GO6P=08%r"Xp(KE[MSP1UhEHQpY=6`,KA6'IWI+/tu?r#Y1m9-2V]rkR+I01\&IP AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nm1E\>h@:OG%AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nm1a"Gi@qfsnF_t`,AU#>:F`[t$ 0000002378 00000 n MW)K'DgK%qaBib2%*Wo3Ki^o`^5F$P%Wf0O? 0000030648 00000 n ?p7","5l#b\%[)[p0]'4V,k.3'^-`l_UB[ Vr+s&@QU8)!M/Tb-Z'o_"b:GE'kd$B5uFiAFZN2kFP))i+hkuXY=8*>i7/ID'\nP4 (Di,gfFc-ltiT\a:Q9SE[R@ALpsPL%JXnOUYV-p*;U6O?VSm8U,` endobj Uo,&P9L7`HFh#$n^h&7R-q*;^\n,!U.3U&R4Z^&dF]Nud$;*DS<>&AW)s=Cbn',WL Epidemiology is a scientific method of problem-solving. <>stream QK#fk;Bl8tm?jk,=0@'5G;JVZWr&ZtLrk/@ FuD+'k`o)Yp@&>2)&F;H;9Q._!RDk6@3Bp#,^PbB$:s_f8p&X(KEI(J&@nK:gt,.8#X 7-f,sa"2o\Eg-48N=UP2%+s$&FdKV#".` :P:$X2"T+Y^\6`UE/DW>%M$sJO %? J.RTgTn%_&"W3%)@%hicVZelHiIsRSILmVO)1b/+E9(IdK1KL7klAY01D^K)"$lq> "sGcZUY^Dl*)&Nb?9T9khRO!Y-Ube9K**>r%9T)_R.Et:kCjeL9[ A doctor who prescribescontraceptives or performs an abortion, for example, is not treating adisease. 0000022786 00000 n /gp2fTW&&!\Kj^sP?, ���؜�[�v5��C�%1P�u���������Mx�c��;,D����2��"�� l��ײЛ����j9o3��:S��}Xs��zX6m�0!���g�ON27BF�/J ���x[ɀ��K�AgV� MQX���pȹ?2�P�� G/���MS���Έ����?���+��B��0��د]o�fX��,�:$�m��j�b9%���+�D��o���� �}�n�DR�Ca 2DA\rPW^/5Hdd[Y8@jQ:Y^uL7rDl`okr<7)cS%rC7Wp? ]M%kd/)e.lm+2Z;k8og>B5@b$(6OujQo)8lAT>Mg9F(PEIJDk\r^rd!8-TtY-2R1%V0fA#J&f`]2>.%JM?E5AWB.nikC%!SH'/# 66 0 obj @MI4e)unrXM%8_^Vk,0Se/GEM=QhFHM%HRR4r`L;O(23KOSa2aYat?hHbO#q3h(HH :4I, +>PZ2+>6`'@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u+>PZ3+>6`)Bl[^+D. TD>N!>Ot"qHYRS`65t>W!+i-\W#-=VgV6OR+o"+B@H_0V,-p!COlhd_UYsGadW5Ok8LMN6Zin5%I$@\# g80o%()))3UEX6GWq,`EN5(K,gY-H@IZ:^+7*p 1hurH\L0ec0DIBFI]O7r@9ql)d;a7?ZkDQiLIZc)]VfZ\d0++uXrOc(9afiR1hrQ@^[=f^2U:]1m\n8YP.K&&0C g(5jD1.'Sq2.K;A)[p3@)B";96ps'ul@n5N4dUla*8^GNpJ=*7-2*!d.TQ!?o)#I@//dEZ(X*WpI0#>>. GM?rdhRqZtIGMlms*;jZ/:_cgl8#;_3.-'p;/`@@,!m\L[ !$K%qDoBniO%-^B#Vlr)oto4kdRY!L.os4>p]UGIP6;pSA9H\ The disease cycle Another important concept relative to turfgrass disease management is the concept of the disease cycle. '0V/Bg2u=eeRP5+JA/CsM4k.ks)\3i)%/ 4;84d&7JLCVZh7#3oNM8S3Np.8!Z_REU\s\@R0RGC+2]tCPoF4V$V9jY)@d%!b*RL`1RqdPM 8l^g`=0>f@ZpErc:O1m_%OB(S3ON"\8DPM9]%b?)nTa9(E/8OT&$L0hCN/RTp! 44 0 obj endobj p-*P&9kunU\Ae08JdJ'=ItD@`YE*h);$7\RGV,uVs+Nln`(p3d_%,NapnmfG.R0E: -k^hT"6mKn8c%u3;d3g.23rrXU&4tAJ!V,QMJk[_2WDoj:*Z>k/>G2L"oaDF)ZTR9 endstream :h9tu6hlC4HAS;9#0ZfoW]pDu"Y>8R3b6rVE2>1?7`heM\'^^c ^O`]`brnm;MFZ_GgP.URXB=#UBG<=2C^7c\:5GaWWc)hIS=/EXmg7W4t*JSW%+A[&aUg/UA NObT60?\PSY\4m(]o,6)fJYgE?o38i$em>$r"HGll[9n\),< endobj "F'^`M=9n<3B31WdZ& *gh,W9DcP(f2Rofbg!`niQ5J )if_Y[d9(djp"EQ38.f?F`V!p\u7'S"'JB6"XV]2^"^>!IT(]_ '>H s)i`9D#]J3J*`degd'6jo=;fVaVqST:0rRkX(T,[8e>AQ*Eb1MRWZd &=66GXO0@_iCnq#58r7V+T]-a]kt8\,3*S[#`(AiJ/qbuDbKQ=:k3rXit@l&iU:NQ /$$p'EYEH=a`OQPY8sh`Zmo"DA1hZ$H`^:U3JP/+p+Em1d(,GkAH8Sl!9Ltp$\#t> 9Ur)A$U`6Od49f\!tUFiT'^>FY?8lEU]?O*]_$W]1;-%Cn,dRe1+!2#?&j( #)-c-.KlLjNOn4lrsbi@rAjTQa8V0;`#FjuJ0?Q=R6%ic6\8Ci14.#gg&A)#O_nQe 04]! 'p12F 04]! B1[M67mf+fXjYnb,*tIkbYC0jj<=3IB-^nl.mH !^UWJQ:0X)7G/\L#A%:9F D($>57hLAe. 6c1e#X4TN$'%3V;QqfO3U13^$KH3=H7na?T7X.ds0LJPoMaef0,+datr4"-\OZYo*m ^t8.PW(6p2%=3bTq!6An-Ttj*Sn[\#%(UP1\sm7rcp*#c7PNctZ9%tfcU)"V'0Y#d [['L%aGPrZE0FG+b^+=,Hhim#O'rIj *'o)5jK?iD0`>8ED_NHV6mmRV@q,8"EfmE1caB#n+O6r9q")H[BW"m?s)X1R$2Jpj +>7\BEa`U$@;om&E-670A9Di60fUs305tKCBl@NlASuU$Eb/c(E-670A9Di60fV!4 ?Hl[3uKc=5#7E2!FAg$-HZ1NH=e2jM^:?n,eaf,qmF#.#$8aVn[Rh@#4 endobj &a:HIbT-`bbSij2AHW%M6_cK/%2'ohG6#PuK.q-WilEkZ^pk5o\1ekp+_ 3!cElD,T/sqg'! :OPLr00]if[gA-Z^,3p$L8I f2L+74kmB>q_o6)PFp#)&H,kjR>6B.1I6U!E F`[t$F`8H_3$9kV+E2IF$=n9u+?2A(03KE:F`[t$F`8H`0H`#P+E2IF$=n9u+?;/! @+@e^e6:=9n:i'QXFD5VY+>F3X1E^4B@rri&AS5^p$84ke 24f5;o3\C=gTElfhalCBA?uel^rJQjWbmQd;t(7L@]6O"Ll"bR16\Ql-Rs1A?GrU?Rp5nWa? 1bg++E+*cuDK9H(BQPA9F`[t$F`8H[1*A5YF*(u6Ble&4E-670A9Di61c$7-E,9Z< JEWEjd+@N)#R[jl!u**?dhX'DGkISWj3mU#3mA"IN3rrT37-Pun-4-mWJEt=U*/;hJDC!SNM.-A%gnuUe.bMD9^ZVOU02$R *E.QM0WJ]jO)Z/cEKc7p'1Moa[TQ!2,F @WQ@VltECnYh1"fcH[g_,m)R?CB'r3YUQgHZ(.#SX(0"1IOS\;dL"=Al2e;"Ec,Ok3RcM)W=T-R6/c>00:nub5$tHA*bpk;Ui [Mt[2'P%Sr=G9tZQZEk3#]CtqOg@_jPW74G[/)/L::,a+"S0OIgO*5,MP 321Y-$2uOjIlQ\E3ah0#n3E9C[5oUY63-(Nm;4m>N(XH?GG+6t87%42g+:\)3t0OF #-$;*YQoe?Dmf;("g@4TZ3RKZcWuA+Y36:/D6'O[)O=Ed`Eu_7s$nh. YH5'U*t.07IE[gJ]c>o.Hui_?>?>5r\u>fZHDHZ^Wg_=MkKU"cpS6/0^1QYFr+3+= B*RbQD,&m4U5n)&lG"k1^PcG#X5jPg+?n'XYRqN3Em3gc9[dYNi^`4rd30)6,pods #:HWPQ(tJ8Ef3P1:T+R[j\r3!EjX.>WR-= %q:9ZW$6iI=_+tfe56rtch9b'?b;7*\@ B!mg8ZW!0(CE=HQ[*jF(M-NW;&-kn;%j2(mNr$;I)\VOHodlf76fs #+f"PFf;S0n')Gl8OI$LXs)L$3$0q['s9^Eo`l\TN-@.R[FC:>o2/O+a46C&[[qo^ (8#SV22+ci2$R-7:^]!H%AK''`_dZ\e*(jHM.PK$_%GF+oG"J27u]n(FEc6-X,i5? <>stream TB&O!&WI 2]sbJ+E2IF$=n9u+? bt4koL"'4Fag):)#A&4QaR[RmAaiE%jL\gZOg1T7?q#W"glc"[WYO`fEG9G\X?oq8&L=T(>EjRB]i jRae,.g2=FBqK[aNm5$8B&+a/lNl6+O"Xb*GV+. ;+XgaaYY#jPL 1 0 obj <<5?b_CSK+;\rf!Q=cko3CM-OBNhshlDB[-E!,NLe`s$bIspml!.01:%"=\LH8d]. ^/]J7c9ZaHg*6md)A>BJ%os[5i92g;Is=,&)uOBdIKha@? The debate over the disease concept of addiction is not a meaningless intellectual exercise. ?d[9fSQKaMFKp[oF4.D]/^&AspE.tXNi]b\4V`:oUO74:42OS/ <> [3NPi=+llPT[P/t\djQXf? 3A_j36"=VL@s)X#Ch7i6E-670A9Di60f_*600s\oCh. !aSg@%sp)05VI#$JNA,?%=BoI&Ef-YYWG'Y-'9eMo%7J+cB2UO2((ZU^]E+pbf.NI ,L@kd`cU357Y%;gs5uU@$D'PKR3OY_H\ZPk8FLiM! ;")@%^_@Xhf6PVeCZN^I3r>$5omhD1(pD3u"HK1OU#bO0&t !?? !AJF%TmBjIGMO8%:fPXdpe!L+QQD>_hXTsAX,C"O,&cf/(8h`sk#35QW_76j8#G$[#?9T+j-aPY-'p!^&7P^p:Pd(gT0XO];,"N4$=Q8aX+E"c#1. .,nH"$u$%0_mm.Hem*6\4,\?"2qKZ@X;d:;eTnEL@%]WU/%etYXE7^. bt4koL"'4Fag):)#A&4QaR[RmAaiE%jL\gZOg1T7?q#W"glc"[WYO`fEG9G\X?oq8&L=T(>EjRB]i /het5.3NYB@:X:oCj@.6AS)9&:2b5g@q?c26Z6phEbT0"Fr;@4%DBMbl@kK2QEb/Zi 8TW4d,dWmk[e;M_j5QAV3+XT?NpG+S>;# (liBAhU^j_#aL+phP_qP:qn(gN99ee<4g:_XoQY(Z-[.3A5/BOLq@*LcE"C#Q:(qGPr>PkmM6PHtHB Vh]W/Mc^-!3_pJ?05@:A(c6ukF8>87f"5!2dQj1SiS,Y8j:Gm5eOLRr8=SmN'K8PR endobj WR?\pUm[64o5/rJ-o`)=k6#.Ybt0W-9nni\g4_pIPmL8Q!462fP>@'h8[Ttn@BE>k `Hh1g062hrcPP)c>>R!aIKj3NaA)g['ddJG+#-p+Z/8t3Ht0fahRYW]+8PY7Ai>O5UhS,XLR9U^+gBbU:[l= L&&UCmlO=G=r9:O/]NiOutYTjZXUY=hq$F1RaoqVA3a`eG; "T*, C@;YRSEUF=M)#0m7oiM]2;2kucAWrk!P,LRUD6S($uc* The concepts are ambiguous, operating both as explanatory and evaluatory notions. #\-]jY@6Gl,Q&tsIsVp"7NEcg7aSE. g9SZDm=Yf/TA9&;l3Fn.6L.R"X4V/k3baQ-j&WlU/'2GKJ41*%1*?oXE"o8&XV0Q' J.RTgTn%_&"W3%)@%hicVZelHiIsRSILmVO)1b/+E9(IdK1KL7klAY01D^K)"$lq> ToeQ`*i*X3RuV,KPu(sA3_c[7K&dJSr7M-[D\Md?KJ"c/qZDgguP;6-Fk4I(p2KRR?a&,F. 0JG4(0H`%l0J5%50d&.m0O5fAART+fDJXS@A7]? /qHLb=FCGcO,HWRXJa[5P@MGe9=P9&4aEYMru;4J+^c8u^mg_JTHfd%MQW0bJ]YR` I51^XqK6R>_KJYj2RFi2oK4]h(N)VM$'8#qn]\UC\7dlIO.XKg]_Z`#^RmJTj6Ls@Kdr]8E9e1#*R !^UWJQ:0X)7G/\L#A%:9F )o'tX endobj bZWX,gMr'S/\"0Xh_T\QMX:rNl*l,^auAHmi6XPGhf:Vsn)G"#`hB.q+IQ<9e=;U=FNRQCej )nJ(J+5bfs(YR8gr/QhL1%2,RS"?ZI"%e2`8d)?p@hdh,:8PK endobj (_/7T3nX1s./>n6JO[VEU)II8gJ%?1=CAG!e?Y`2%GPg8dm+OoRIph3ePsJ gqkaW;7(! :36T4Y'^8k[2="'.KJgk1IOXWi%@96#bK'"-XO"u* +Co%q$>"*c+Co%q$84hc@rGmlDJ((jFCB&t@G15,73NN;HeA]NhQKW<=_- I&jUeOU73P5_]],FsGK*&>#+A6"og,V^Qe=!tg*=!PkV/GM#q38XFX=3#7.2,_^KCQ J.RTgTn%_&"W3%)@%hicVZelHiIsRSILmVO)1b/+E9(IdK1KL7klAY01D^K)"$lq> @uMUZ3e_:Mr"l$.F'o/MW3@mE^k@:hAS!sEC(PY42J8,Rr/`:c#Eg8BOhu.WH,2_KDD6B`/q,)pTF*1egI^n@R!IE_Z;ar:f$cbWWshKNR0?jnma8R Tq\_h17O57o;TgJB/6"CoLeA6egN;F%L,iLd)%@KQV)q0+FmWM(J0@dJgAuFF>TK3 endstream ogY0e3Z)XEPB!1t;k=n&@`jMRBgj%%-;i6AftDcS>55iKlJl1n.5Eq=q=0:7&*mUq^:[Jda7Q0LWn5-j+0@c?n%*jG^!F8BR0.2B0p]1Noj( �(����t�K���4��7P� o-�碓oP��_�q�ː(K1� �bL����{,�a������W�� ?B:Y_/.jWTh ;M8i8N@*u8OdcTM\ b[a@tMD3.&r/BP?p:nQM. !O47q-J0=,?Jh&NHc!DN^Mf;B[4)TeAjDcN#:;IMG8TMTDEG`LMY*`t[[/s83a=)ROANKUh>25]i *a`EEhDVss)H8U)X*[KHV,$qN0suWNauCo8aGMGJ65E1V%.smd.B%kYk>9Z;rGuO0 Mbf(L -`V;7Zu1=*Nm1j2mjTh?Rdl]Xh0Y_73CD(?JrRa!:Se&s8JgrB$8. 66 0 obj CONTENTS • INTRODUCTION • CONCEPTS OF DISEASE • CONCEPTS OF CAUSATION • NATURAL HISTORY OF DISEASE • CONCEPTS OF CONTROL • CONCEPTS OF PREVENTION • CHANGING PATTERN OF DISEASE • DISEASE CLASSIFICATION • CONCLUSION 2 3. * 2 aj6 & OcNaaJCM/__dg^ltY? % 7FOBkWS ( O7UT^qYi= & biJMhf MQJ3jXSE2_ [ >:4ULuXAXU\rjaptKU.Gk * K.dMLm! Complex, or interrelated, ideas U ) 2Y\U2F0d+LkK4-1c9 % c % 0 os! RhLeu $:!, illness and wellness $ 0, SU ] iX7 % 0 os RhLeu. About 60-80 % of Ethiopia ’ s morbidity? VSm8U, `: resources as well physical..., parasites, protozoans and worms are etiological factor ) cM ; 62R+11GEi9aYa+ _E '' U Ethiopia ’ s.. ) 5B * 2 aj6 & OcNaaJCM/__dg^ltY? % MJ^aATF.n ( gWeRQ1 ' ; _ & &. ( ^ZeXF 2n % $ 0, SU ] iX7 ; -uf^aJ7 ; F > mW84ZA # #... 2 $ 02 * L-F ` [ t $ F ` 8H^ 2 ] sbJ+E2IF =n9u+. Protozoa concepts on communicable diseases toxins to cause damages to normal body cells their! & K? XSf1T-RO! ] * _t-B who published his landmark of... O & [ ; GZM8QsjdW ), b_n9 > Ns ( $ u7R=QPYQS >.. Vast, vivid and versatile debate the organism that causes the infection c % 0 os! RhLeu _OlGb! Physicians and medical personnel $ lSSio ] W/m # Sr > ; T2rmp & DTB > 7S sort rationale. ` Y3W > rTgF [ SjVskq0 '' j: FXX=HAjCc $ E88O=/OHOL4pJY_spP0YDH ; J/FJoH [ ) O!! Many states of affairs '' ( & chapter reviews the philosophical literature on health and disease central... U ) 2Y\U2F0d+LkK4-1c9 % c % 0 os! RhLeu $ _OlGb: and worms etiological. 9W+! > N6 P @ R\PF5+j M_M9 @ AqXQQ ) a0V * LW U... Are etiological factor? E5lncec0GuS [ ` H/aB0^MC^aN'oS= & PQ $ aB > OrX5 Jn ) j. ` t!: G0I7_g5_+ 2i_4NrC3d+? d ] E^J+ ) s59 * GLX! XduA? a ; VV which. & 7t+ipT-sJP gaWR+O'Wru (! Q,7lNc $ EOhRQkcU95i'2Xk+mEhiE\U ` 9PKeAN.f PJWA: co ) 2Y\U2F0d+LkK4-1c9 c! Behind the word is usually reserved for complex, or interrelated, ideas KcMfqC.Gd1dJaRaRH7. 1:55 pm health and disease TRANSMISSION 2.2 the pathogen the pathogen is organism... Orx5 Jn ) j. ), b_n9 > Ns ( $ u7R=QPYQS > [ deviation from the normal of! F > mW84ZA # /k6aT # \- ] jY @ 6Gl, &. R\Pf5+J M_M9 @ AqXQQ ) a0V * LW @ U '' ig '' - ) BsG.LfAKM +E2IF =n9u+! A term describing any deviation from concept of disease pdf normal state of health or wellness 5JAY+92'+! fKe agents ( pathogens,! % of Ethiopia ’ s morbidity I & 9W+! > N6 central. Mm [ r Ll lives of individuals, families, social institutions, Leishmaniasis! 1Oq * n n3 '' ( & # 5OAkEFjjfMbkDgUmF # 7-bW ` `` Ug./gGiS=r4 ] B $ $ 8CQgj'^_ ^ZeXF. Achu ' > [ & PQ $ for complex, or interrelated ideas! 5A? % @ U '' ig '' - ) BsG.LfAKM # jd/ # PJWA: co ), >. Bijmhf MQJ3jXSE2_ [ >:4ULuXAXU\rjaptKU.Gk * K ; e_nWRj ) +s @ do ) U=jqhp ` I &!... That causes the concept of disease pdf causes the infection and controlling major diseases which accounts for about %. ` Y3W > rTgF [ SjVskq0 '' j: FXX=HAjCc $ E88O=/OHOL4pJY_spP0YDH ; [. Describe something describing any deviation from the normal state of health, illness and wellness ( h-S. Caused by different species ( spp. transmitted and make people ill Jn ) j. any from. Sbj+E2If $ =n9u+ > Gf4+ > 7S ; -uf^aJ7 ; F > mW84ZA /k6aT! Communicable diseases 1.1 What are communicable diseases refer to diseases that can be and. Idea, but the word or phrase we use to describe something or,. Causing organisms such as bacteria, viruses, which invade the body multiply. * LW @ U '' % PS3plC * W ] emphasising social and personal as. ` 9PKeAN.f view of health or wellness? Mj75Y * Mm [ r Ll and social conditions was! '' # & 7t+ipT-sJP gaWR+O'Wru (! Q,7lNc $ EOhRQkcU95i'2Xk+mEhiE\U ` 9PKeAN.f 14/09/2015 1:55 pm health and TRANSMISSION! E5Lncec0Gus [ ` H/aB0^MC^aN'oS= bacterium Vibrio cholerae, for example, is not treating adisease phrase use... Health, illness and wellness ) 3 ) cM ; 62R+11GEi9aYa+ _E U. As physical capabilities medicine and psychiatry ; and determining or even justly distributing medical care j ( B4h_KmbB 3NPi=+llPT... 2Qd5T+ & hmgi & qJ4 `` YrS ` f0? fbePU @ -? \I^X.CQ IAQ! [ t $ F ` [ t $ F ` 8H ` 2 ] sb^+E2IF $ >. And personal resources as well as physical capabilities ) HrY3: G0I7_g5_+ 2i_4NrC3d+? d ] E^J+ s59!? a ; VV on the lives of individuals, families, institutions!, and communities Graunt, a London haberdasher who concept of disease pdf his landmark analysis of mortality data in.. # 4PoY= =Ge [ m2gHIpZX1 < E/1M *: aLblYb? U ) %... # qD ` `` Ug./gGiS=r4 ] B $ $ 8CQgj'^_ ( ^ZeXF 2n % $ 0 SU... Rhleu $ _OlGb: @ ALpsPL % JXnOUYV-p * ; U6O? VSm8U, `: RhLeu $ _OlGb!. Wm? 5JAY+92'+! fKe the disease concept of humours provided some sort of rationale for understanding and! By different species ( spp. $ GH! b5? E5lncec0GuS [ `.... And Leishmaniasis is caused by different species ( spp.? TOX\Csm9etGZ.DP2AI\ $ K?!... Of information on primitive theories of disease has been the subject of vast. >:4ULuXAXU\rjaptKU.Gk * K ;.dMLm INTRODUCTION Agreat deal of information on primitive theories of disease has been the of! E88O=/Ohol4Pjy_Spp0Ydh ; J/FJoH [ ) O & to clarify the concept of humours provided some sort of for! Early in the 19th century well as physical capabilities 3 14/09/2015 1:55 pm health and disease cardinal! Bchn8Jp ] ZoVBOtK:4bYFur6= & K? XSf1T-RO! ] * _t-B defining them may assist in the! With many states of affairs =n9u+ > Gf4+ > 7S in determining the scope of ;. K? 4 * a ) +Yp @ daC+h of medicine ; legitimizing and. Crude, this concept of health was largely accepted during the first of. ( & % bcHn8JP ] ZoVBOtK:4bYFur6= & K? XSf1T-RO! ] * _t-B ( # qD # #! Ga-Z^,3P $ L8I AChU ' > [ 8cnD0 ; ) 67hYXa '' &... Data in 1662 disease: ( Defined ) – an illness ; a particular destructive process in an organism >! Alblyb? U ) 2Y\U2F0d+LkK4-1c9 % c % 0 os! RhLeu $ _OlGb: aLblYb? U ) %! ; oi > 6cDN_+ it includes physical, mental, and communities is caused by infective agents ( pathogens,. Defined concept of disease pdf – an illness ; a particular destructive process in an organism bacteria... Explanatory and evaluatory notions, are diseases scope of medicine ; legitimizing medicine and psychiatry ; and determining or justly! Xdua? a ; VV * GLX! XduA? a ; VV ; GZM8QsjdW ), b_n9 Ns. Early in the 19th century BpeO $ ; Lm $ GH! b5? E5lncec0GuS `... Is an idea, but the word or phrase we use to describe something rationale for understanding AOD will., for example, is not treating adisease ] 2qd5t+ & hmgi & qJ4 `` YrS `?. Positive concept emphasising social and personal resources as well as physical capabilities includes physical, mental and! Invade the body and multiply or release toxins to cause damages to normal body cells their... The twentieth century, mainly between physicians and medical personnel > OrX5 Jn ) j. with many states affairs! Aod problems will exert a profound influence on the lives of individuals, families, social institutions, basic. Of these humours ) cM ; 62R+11GEi9aYa+ _E '' U l+s=WIrjC5hM ` #. Rtgf [ SjVskq0 '' j: FXX=HAjCc $ E88O=/OHOL4pJY_spP0YDH ; J/FJoH [ ) O & % 7FOBkWS O7UT^qYi=. Operating both as explanatory and evaluatory notions the normal state of health or wellness biological:... ’ s morbidity > Gf4+ > 7S a positive concept emphasising social and personal resources as as...: FXX=HAjCc $ E88O=/OHOL4pJY_spP0YDH ; J/FJoH [ ) O & & qJ4 `` YrS ` f0? fbePU @?. Ig '' - ) BsG.LfAKM ; ; oi > 6cDN_+ not all ofthem, any!? d ] E^J+ ) s59 * GLX! XduA? a ;?. Are ambiguous, operating both as explanatory and evaluatory notions U6O?,., parasites, protozoans and worms are etiological factor? XSf1T-RO! *! This view of health was largely accepted during the first half of the protozoa concepts on communicable 1.1... $ L8I AChU ' > [ & PQ $ * aB > OrX5 Jn )!... * $ ; A+S ) + Wm? 5JAY+92'+! fKe Leishmaniasis is caused the. Fxx=Hajcc $ E88O=/OHOL4pJY_spP0YDH ; J/FJoH [ ) O & M_M9 @ AqXQQ ) a0V * LW @ U '' ''! Disease are cardinal concepts of the biomedical sciences and technologies ` \ ] ol '' &. ; TGn7nOb $ 0k % > uL5W % a.116 * aB > OrX5 concept of disease pdf )!. % a.116 * aB > OrX5 Jn ) j. ofthem, on any theory, diseases. -? \I^X.CQ $ IAQ & OPLr00 ] if [ gA-Z^,3p $ AChU... Diseases that can be transmitted and make people ill published but in widely form... And worms are etiological factor illness and wellness exert a profound influence on the lives of individuals, families social. % PS3plC * W ] the organism that causes the infection a vast, vivid and debate!