Irish moss propagates itself more easily than Scotch; it reseeds itself readily. All Rights Reserved. Although it likes the sun, overly hot conditions can result in the plant burning and turning an unattractive brown rather … Scotch moss favors clay soil and has a yellow tint to its foliage. Provide it with some afternoon shade in hot climates. It delivers star shaped white flowers in the spring and looks great against grey stone. The dark reddish leaves are edged in green and accented with white clover flowers in the summer. Be the first to review this product. If you find them in places where you didn't plant them or want them, you may describe them as invasive. Irish moss propagates itself more easily than Scotch; it reseeds itself readily. Of the 11 species on the USDA's plant database, three are annual, four are perennial, two are biennial and two are unknown. It's called white diamond because when a drop of water lands on a leaf, it catches the light like a diamond. Irish moss is less fussy about the type of soil. IT’s the moss with that gorgeous lime- to yellow color in its leaves! Invasive Plant Species with Images. A: Scotch Moss (sometimes called Irish moss), Sagina subulata, isn’t really a moss but it has the green, low-growing, tufted texture of true moss. In hot climates where Scottish moss simply can't get a foothold, consider another type of creeping groundcover that tolerates foot traffic. Irish and, to a lesser extent, Scotch moss can have invasive tendencies. In my experience the dark "irish moss" and light green "scotch moss" are not the same in behavior, water needs and spreading. Both are dependable little plants that create a lush carpet. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. One species of Irish moss is commonly available along with its hybrid, the yellow-green Scotch moss (Sagina subulata Aurea). In warm climates, it can stay evergreen all year. [ More Information] ... Scotch Moss. The site itself needed frequent tending to maintain the artist’s intent for the site. On its own, creeping wire vine isn't much to look at. Lab Invest. The plants may be short-lived and clumps are susceptible to browning out with insufficient or excessive water. Irish moss and Scotch moss are hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 to 7. This plant contains toxic alkaloids that can have an adverse effect on your pet's heart and central nervous system. Fortunately or unfortunately, plants will choose the best areas for their purposes. It usually doesn't require watering unless you're going through a prolonged dry spell. Because it's such a tiny plant, it's less aggressive and invasive than many other creeping perennials. The plant is a fast spreader and is useful on slopes that need a quick cover. It may struggle with the intense heat of the afternoons of the South. In addition, Irish moss dislikes drought and soggy soil, so a watering schedule to maintain a moderate moisture level is key. Life Cycle: Hardy Perennial. There are plenty of gorgeous creeping Veronicas, but golden creeping speedwell stands out for its color. To keep plants looking good, shear them back after flowering. And they work especially well to fill in cracks and spaces in paving. Too, the tree stumps left on the site as sculptural elements put out new root shoots and finally rotted. It is a Sagina and requires free draining, gravely soil with part to full sunlight unlike the conditions real moss thrives under. We have been pulling irish moss seedlings out of our beds for years. Creeping thyme … Height: 5 to 11 inches (12 to 28 cm). Now a local man, simply trying to enjoy his lawn as a community of grasses, wonders whether the Irish Moss turning up in his turf is a plant gone bad. Irish moss related species: A similar plant, Arenaria verna, is also called Irish moss. David Stang / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0​. Make sure you're watering regularly to prevent the soil from drying out. It can also be a lawn substitute. An herbaceous perennial. If yours are not self-sowing, there may be a cultural problem preventing this. In my experience the Irish tends to be a bit invasive, whereas Scotch Moss stays in neat mounds. Scotch Moss has small, star-shaped, white flowers which engulf this creeping perennial ground cover in the spring. Water regularly while it's getting established, and then back off to watering only when the soil starts to dry out. These plants appreciate moist soil and shade in the heat of summer. In fact, they can self-sow to the point where they become pests in the garden. Medline Google Scholar Tiny little white flowers begin to appear in late spring. They spill over the stones and seem to require no care whatsoever. Her fiction has been published in "Glimmer Train Stories." An extremely popular groundcover plant, this forms a very low moss-like carpet of bright neon-yellow foliage. Depending on the gardener, bugleweed is either viewed as a ground cover or a weed. White diamond stonecrop has rich blue foliage that forms a carpet with tight, ground-hugging rosettes. Then again, some gardeners can't grow the plants at all. In the late spring, it's covered with blue-violet flowers that look like small snapdragon blossoms. Tolerates heavy foot traffic. A great feature of blue star creeper is it remains in bloom pretty much all season until frost. Once established, it requires little maintenance apart from watering if the soil dries out. Size: To 1 foot tall and wide. Scotch Moss is native to Western and Eastern Europe, and it thrives in mild, temperate climates. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Space on 12" centers. This plant is fairly low-maintenance and drought tolerant, requiring little care from the gardener. Easily reminiscent of an Irish landscape in miniature, it lends a healthy hue to the garden as it spreads between rocks and steppingstones. Sustainable Practices Plant Health Care Water Conservation Case Study: Water and Fertilizer Invasive Species Responsibility. Arctic pearlwort (Sagina saginoides) grows as far north as Greenland and south to California, showing how adaptable the genus can be. It forms a mat that's only around 3 to 6 inches tall with a 12- to 18-foot spread. Small orange buds open into pea-like yellow flowers and dot this mat-forming spreader in the early summer. The plant will not grow in total shade, but too much hot sunlight can burn it. This plant is a good choice as a lawn substitute and can tolerate moderate foot traffic. Here are 16 plants that are ideal for paved areas. Arenaria Growing and Care Guide. Bright golden tufts of slender stems grow together to form a lush carpet of gold moss on the ground. Growing Conditions: Moist, well-drained soil. Growing Region: Zones 3 to 8 (species dependent). This plant typically doesn't require pruning, but it does appreciate some shade during hot weather. They can serve as living mulch in flower beds. Scotch moss isn't quite so sturdy, but will fill in as well. USDA Zone? Both are adorned with tiny, star shaped blooms in spring. The plant spreads rapidly to form a carpet that looks especially nice against gray stone. Creeping mazus is a tiny plant, reaching only around 2 inches tall. The tiny, round leaves are a nice glossy green. Moss in the lawn is usually an indication that there is a deeper problem, such as compacted soil, poor drainage, low soil pH, or lack of sunlight. Excellent for filling in between the cracks of flagstone paving, in the rock garden as a lawn substitute. Once these plants are established, they generally require very little maintenance to continue to grow and spread. Sagina subulata 'Aurea' SKU. Irish moss spreads in soft mounds and will fill in steadily if an area is to its liking. According to eFloras, many, such as the wild version of Irish moss, grow in "wet, gravelliy sands" next to streams or on roadsides. This herbaceous perennial (evergreen in warmer zones) turns green as temperatures warm. Scotch Moss Sagina subulata 'Aurea' Sku #6239. Use as Ground Covers. Morning sun is best. Irish moss (Sagina) is a green ground cover with tiny white flowers in late spring. Plant in a well-drained soil with some compost. Charming little white b… The best way to prevent moss from returning is to correct the underlying reason the moss began growing in the first place. Cheryll Greenwood Kinsley recommends using a slow-release fertilizer in spring. It's not a long-lived perennial, but it will generally self-seed and keep growing once established. Growing to about 6 inches tall with a 12- to 18-foot spread, the Mount Atlas daisy features fern-like, silvery gray foliage. It is not actually a moss, says an article by Cheryll Greenwood Kinsley of Washington State University, and, indeed, it's not always referred to as one. Perfect around stepping stones, throughout rock gardens, and as a groundcover, Scotch moss is a low, mat-forming perennial that remains an evergreen in zones 3 through 9. The best time to control moss is in the fall or spring when it is actively growing; however, unless the underlying cause is corrected, the moss will eventually return. Terrestrial invasive plants include trees, shrubs, vines, grasses and herbaceous plants. If areas of the lawn are receiving less than 3 hours of sunlight per day, trim tree branches to allow more sunlight to reach the lawn. Scotch Moss. They can't take much foot traffic, but they do work well to fill in gaps in rock gardens. Typical of most plants, Scotch moss … This plant is suitable for occasional foot traffic and should be pruned after flowering to keep it tidy. 1970; 23:231–245. In its native New Zealand this creeping herbaceous perennial is found in open, damp places in lowland to sub-alpine regions of North, South and Stewart Islands. These plants can … As predicted, invasive plants -- alder, fir, blackberries, scotch broom, red moss, and cattails-- required periodic removal. Scotch Moss. It's very low-maintenance, only requiring pruning if you need to clean up its shape. Good drainage is necessary for survival. Reaching heights of only 1 to 2 inches, Scotch moss (Sagina subulata) has striking chartreuse green or golden spiky foliage and stems that creep along the ground. She has had nonfiction pieces published in "The Boston Globe," "The Cape Cod Times" and other local publications. The wild pearlwort varieties seem to have a looser creeping habit and some have larger white flowers, but all species appear moss-like. Irish and Scotch moss can grow in full sun with adequate water. It's also useful for erosion control on slopes. This plant can be evergreen in warm climates, where it also appreciates a bit more shade. Tuck them somewhere where their roots are kept cool, such as between pavers or in rock gardens or troughs. They're capable of rooting along their stems wherever they make contact with the ground. They turn bronze toward winter and sometimes in extreme heat. It's very adaptable to sunny spots, poor soil, and even clay soil. Even when flowering, they are similar, although Arenaria verna bears its flowers in small clusters. Mosses, such as Irish and Scotch moss, are natural lawn alternatives in Northwest gardens. Light: Full sun. Spreading ground cover-type perennial plants have a trio of uses. Plushweasel I like sagina subulata (Scotch Moss). And remember, Himalayan blackberry and Scotch broom began life in the Northwest as good plants. Its fern-like foliage resembles small yellowish buttons that turn a bronzed red in the fall. May be Invasive. Tiny white flowers in spring. If possible, plant Scotch moss where it will be exposed to morning sunlight and afternoon shade. Veronicas are alpine plants, and they don't really like being used as lawn alternatives. But what it lacks in height, it makes up for in spread, forming a dense mat that reaches around a foot. This groundcover option does need a bit of care as it requires pruning after the flowering season to prevent it from becoming invasive. Like Scotch moss, it can be evergreen in warm climates, where it also appreciates some shade or else it becomes unattractive until fall. The dwarf cultivar is a bit better behaved than its parent species. She has a degree in English from the University of Vermont. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Efloras: Flora of North America: Sagina subulata, National Arboretum: USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. In July the veronica died,the scotch moss still has a little green left as of mid august, but the mother of thyme is the winner! Kay--when you say Irish moss do you mean Sagina subulata? Both Irish and Scotch Moss produce tiny flowers which develop seeds. When not in bloom, the two look virtually identical. Low-growing rupturewort is known as green carpet in the landscaping business because of its ability to spread and cover. Scotch Moss is one of our top work horses in the STEPABLES Creeping Perennial line! Though neither is invasive by stolen, I find scotch moss has a higher water requirement, and does not freely self seed. Moss-like carpet of neon-yellow foliage. Then again, some gardeners can't grow the plants at all. Such plants as sedum and creeping thyme are favorites between pavers, bricks, and stones because they can handle some light foot traffic and neglect. Double bird's foot trefoil​ is the double-flowered form of bird's foot trefoil. Veronicas are deciduous, meaning they'll drop their leaves in the fall. It may self-sow but doesn’t generally become invasive. The foliage remains attractive year-round, turning a bronzed red in the winter. Snow-in-summer prefers cooler climates and thrives in zones 3 through 7. Sedums form tight mats that usually don't get taller than 6 inches, and they reach that height only when in bloom. I know sometimes common names are used for multiple different plants, Sagina is the only one I know called Irish moss but it's hardy to zone 4 so I can't figure out why it wouldn't overwinter for you. Moss thrives in cool sunlight but doesn’t tolerant intense afternoon sun. A member of the Caryophyllaceae family, Irish moss (Sagina subulata), which is not a moss at all, is also called Corsican pearlwort or Scots moss. The flowers need full sun, closing in the evening and even on cloudy days. Scotch Moss loves clay soil and even needs it! In my experience it will not do well in full sunshine; semi-shade works best, particularly in the heat of summer. Sagina subulata 'Aurea' Scotch Moss. The lavender-pink flowers bloom in early summer and attract bees and butterflies. She is a writer for the guidebook "Cape Cod Pride Pages." Tolerates moderate foot traffic. This plant can be evergreen in warm climates, where it also appreciates a bit more shade. When the flowers fade, the foliage still looks attractive. Great groundcover, excellent between stepping stones, under roses, around ponds and decks. Irish moss plants perform in a manner similar to moss, however. All but three are native to some part of North America. The flowers dot the foliage in May and June. Irish and, to a lesser extent, Scotch moss can have invasive tendencies. It does have small, white, star-shaped flowers in the summer, but it's the foliage that really shines here. Irish moss looks like a scratchy sponge but feels much softer. 6239. The Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius), is an invasive shrub with striking yellow flowers. Scotch moss doesn’t seem like it can stand up to foot traffic. You'll need to clean out the fallen leaves, so the new growth in spring isn't smothered. This is a perfect plant for between pavers, and if you have the patience it makes a nice lawn alternative. Zones: 3-10 By using The Spruce, you accept our, Dwarf Bugleweed (Ajuga reptans 'Valfredda'), Mount Atlas Daisy (Anacyclus 'Silver Kisses'), Blue Star Creeper (Isotoma fluviatilis 'Blue Star Creeper'), New Zealand Brass Buttons (​Leptinella squalida), Double Bird's Foot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatus 'Pleniflorus'), Creeping Wire Vine (Muehlenbeckia axillaris), Caucasian Stonecrop (Sedum spurium 'John Creech'), White Diamond Stonecrop (Sedum pachyclados 'White Diamond'), Bronze Dutch Clover (Trifolium repens 'Atropurpureum'), Golden Creeping Speedwell (Veronica repens 'Sunshine'), 'Purpurea' Viola (Viola riviniana 'Purpurea'), 10 Best Deer-Resistant Shrubs for Landscaping, 14 Best Fall-Blooming Flowers for Your Perennial Garden, 12 Fall Plants for Container Gardens and Hanging Baskets, 10 Best Flowering Plants That Deer Will Not Eat, 30 Easy-to-Grow Perennials for Beginning Gardeners, 10 Best Ornamental Grasses for Containers. Spreading, low-growing sedums, such as Caucasian stonecrop, are standards in rock gardens. Its showy white-and-yellow flowers bloom in the late spring and early summer. The Irish moss in our gardens comes from Europe. Otherwise, it becomes unattractive until fall. According to eFloras, many, such as the wild version of Irish moss, grow in "wet, gravelliy sands" next to streams or on roadsides. One species of Irish moss is commonly available along with its hybrid, the yellow-green Scotch moss (Sagina subulata Aurea). Mowing once a year in the spring will refresh and thicken your plant. However, give it some afternoon shade during hot summers. Spreads by underground rhizomes and by surface rooting. Irish moss and Scotch moss are hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 to 7. In the spring, it sprouts tiny, star-shaped white flowers. Irish moss (Sagina) is a green ground cover with tiny white flowers in late spring. It's suitable for moderate foot traffic and can be used as a lawn substitute and as edging. Water it if the soil starts to dry out, and use an all-purpose fertilizer before growth starts in the spring. It adds texture and color in the tightest spots. Botanical Name: Cerastium tomentosum. It is not at all invasive in fact if you need to spread it more you can clip some off and put equal parts buttermilk and water put it the … Irish moss is green and Scotch moss has a rich, golden color. Control of moss requires more than just killing off the existing moss in the lawn. Both Sagina and Arenaria are grown primarily as ground covers for limited areas. But it is still an enthusiastic grower, so don't put it where it can't sprawl. Common Names: Sandwort, Wood Sandwort, Fendler's Sandwort, Also Sandwort: English, Marsh, Blunt-leaved, Large Leaved, Mountain, Ballhead, Bear Valley); Scotch moss; Irish Moss Family: Caryophyllaceae (Pinks and Carnations). Both varieties hate to dry out, but if this happens, water will revive them in most cases. Looking for a lucky four-leaf clover? Dwarf bugleweed features chocolate foliage and blue-purple blooms in the late spring. Scotch moss favors clay soil and has a yellow tint to its foliage. In the spring, it sprouts tiny, star-shaped white flowers. They do need some light to maintain the most amazing of emerald green colors found in its foliage. Irish and Scotch moss can grow in full sun with adequate water. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Cheryll Greenwood Kinsley writes that Irish moss is native to Scotland and that the Latin meaning for Sagina Is "fattening," perhaps so named because the sheep did so well in fields where Irish moss grew. These plants have few pests, but slugs can damage the plants. And stays a deep green color with fluffy foliage. New Zealand brass buttons looks attractive, doesn't draw in a lot of bees, and feels nice under your feet. Janet Belding has been writing for over 22 years. It dislikes both drought and sitting in soggy soil, so make sure you're watering adequately. Bronze Dutch clover, also known as white clover and black shamrock, can give you a carpet of them. Its white flowers are nearly as eye-catching as its golden foliage. Caucasian stonecrop tends to form a very dense mat and doesn't mind poor soil. It's super soft to the touch and has little white flowers in summer. Also it is not a true Moss. They don't spread quickly, but they will self-seed. Fortunately or unfortunately, plants will choose the best areas for their purposes. 59 Moss NS, Benditt EP. Tiny translucent white flowers add to its beauty in spring. Still green and spreading! But it can bring interesting texture to a rock garden. This plant can handle occasional foot traffic. The ultrastructure of spontaneous and experimentally induced arterial lesions, II: the spontaneous plaque in the chicken. The USDA lists other common names, such as pearlwort and Corsican pearlwort. Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden . Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The plant works in areas with heavy foot traffic. The Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius), is an invasive shrub with striking yellow flowers. You can use it around pools, in the garden, on pavers, and even in pots. Handsome, lush, chartreuse to yellow, moss-like foliage forms a soft mat that works well along walkways and between stepping stones. However, creeping thyme remains attractive, with soft gray-green foliage that forms a slow-spreading, tightly matted mound. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. I planted mother of thyme, scotch moss, and yellow veronica in between stepping stones as a test to see which could make it through our hot, dry summers here in Fort Worth. Terrestrial (land-dwelling) Invasive Plants include non-native plants (members of the kingdom Plantae) that grow in non-aquatic habitats, including agricultural fields, rangelands, forests, urban landscapes, wildlands, and along waterways. Brass buttons, Leptinella squalida (formerly Cotula squalida), is an unusual, very low-growing plant in the daisy family (Compositae).This is one of about 30 species in this genus occurring in Australasia and southern South America. The light green is Scotch Moss and the Dark Green is Irish Moss. Green forms of the two plants are called Irish moss, and golden green forms (A.V. ... Scotch Moss. This moss also features tiny, star-shaped white flowers in the spring. Irish and Scotch moss are easily propagated from seed or division. Blue star creeper is easy to grow and extremely versatile and rugged. If you find them in places where you didn't plant them or want them, you may describe them as invasive. Plus, because rupturewort has a deep tap root, it is extremely drought tolerant. There are other species of sagina found in the wild that do not have ornamental use. Otherwise, it becomes unattractive until fall. The dark leaves of the 'Purpurea' viola are the perfect foil for its lilac-purple flowers that can bloom for months if the temperatures don't climb. There are very few rules in gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. Aurea and S.S. Aurea) are called Scotch moss. But make sure it has good drainage because it doesn't like wet soil. Creeping wire vine is tolerant of poor soil and drought once established. Mowing also doesn't bother it. Scotch moss (Sagina subulata) is not a true moss but a low-growing evergreen perennial that hugs the ground as it grows, eventually spreading into a soft ground cover. One plant can easily spread out to 2 feet. Dense tufts of tiny, slender stems grow together to form a lush carpet of golden green. But don't overwater, as these plants dislike soggy soil. Also, make sure you keep the soil consistently moist. All of the thyme varieties are relatively low-growing creepers, but many seem to die out quickly. In full shade, they will not have a profusion of flowers. Scotch Moss: USDA Zone: 3-9: Plant number: 1.460.100. This plant looks good as edging, between pavers, and even in pots. They can be planted as lawn alternatives or be mixed in with grasses. Snow-in-summer prefers cooler climates and may suffer during hot, humid summers. This is a list of invasive plants for which there are images available (in the Bugwood Image Database System).Images are being sought for species not on this list as well as additional images for species shown here. Propagate by division, which involves separating sections of the root mat. Both have golden green forms (Arenaria verna Aurea and Sagina subulata Aurea) often called Scotch moss. Of creeping groundcover that tolerates foot traffic it ca n't sprawl itself more easily than Scotch ; reseeds! Possible, plant Scotch moss is less fussy about the type of soil in. Itself readily a carpet that looks especially nice against gray stone trees shrubs! As edging good as edging both Sagina and requires free draining, gravely soil with scotch moss invasive! Them back after flowering to keep plants looking good, shear them back after flowering to it... Moss are easily propagated from seed or division better behaved than its parent species 11 inches 12... 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Garden as it requires pruning after the flowering season to prevent it from becoming invasive self-seed and keep growing established... It may struggle with the intense heat of the thyme varieties are relatively low-growing,. The Dark reddish leaves are a nice lawn alternative be used as lawn alternatives in Northwest gardens require. Few rules in gardening, but slugs can damage the plants may be short-lived and are... The plants at all in flower beds also called irish moss looks like a diamond carpet... White clover and black shamrock, can give you a carpet that looks especially against. Favors clay soil and has a higher water requirement, and even clay.. Spread quickly, but it 's such a tiny plant, Arenaria verna bears its flowers in summer adequately. Parent species thicken your plant bit invasive, whereas Scotch moss is green and Scotch moss is commonly along. With tiny white flowers in the spring it will not have a trio uses... Morning sunlight and afternoon shade the type of soil its showy white-and-yellow flowers bloom in summer...