Give the ficus at least a month to settle in the container. Family Moraceae . 61 Mosley Street, Manchester, Since then she has gone on to develop a passion for growing vegetables & fruit in her garden. Name – Ficus benjamina Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant. However, only a few of the types do well as indoor plants. Evergreen to semi-evergreen tree to 30', graceful and upright. Variegated cultivars exist. Urostigma Species: F. benjamina Binomial name Ficus benjamina L. 1767 Range of the species Ficus benjamina. If the nursery keeps them under a shaded netting, then you’ll need to acclimatize the plant by taking out in the early morning sun for two hours before leaving it back under the shade for protection from the harsh midday UV rays. Ficus plants have the unique characteristic of rubbery, glossy leaves and grow in a variety of shapes and sizes. Ficus benjamina Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Rosales Family: Moraceae Tribe: Ficeae Genus: Ficus Subgenus: F. subg. Due to the nature of their leaves, this plant is also called a rubber plant or rubber tree, and the genus Ficus has a variety of related plants and trees. Ficus Benjamina and Frost Damage. Leave the cutting in the rooting hormone for a few minutes, and then transfer to a small container with potting mix. Once you place them in their pot in your home, they don’t enjoy moving. This fertilizing strategy gives the roots a boost during the early part of the growing season. This evergreen houseplant has long stems and the long leaves give the indoor tree a bushy appearance. What are the Humidity and Temperature Requirements for Ficus Trees? Add a layer of pebbles or stones at the bottom of the container for additional drainage. The thick, shiny, two to five-inch-long, evergreen leaves generously clothe the long branches, and the tiny figs eventually turn a deep red. Trailing types look fantastic when hanging from flower baskets on the patio. Ficus trees are native to tropical regions of the world, with many popular varieties coming from Africa, Asia, and Europe. Live Ficus Benjaminaaka Weeping Fig Tree, from Amazon. The flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. Glossy, slender-pointed ovate leaves, 5 in. You can find ficus in all types of heights and textures, with weeping ficus and fiddle ficus being popular indoor bonsai trees. It performs best in bright sunny locations but will also survive in shade. There are dozens of ficus varieties available from online retailers and nurseries. Hollie has written for a number of publications and is now the resident garden blogger here at GardenBeast. Water your ficus once or twice a week, and use the finger-soil test mentioned above as a guideline for your watering practice. 'Starlight Variegated leaves. Twisted. 78-136 Minute, unisexual, enclosed in fleshy receptacle (fig), entered by apical orifice and pollinated by fig wasps. It is undemanding and easy to cultivate. Prune the ficus in the wintertime before it enters the dormancy period. Kooc Media Ltd She has an affinity with nature and loves to share her knowledge gained over a lifetime with readers online. Press Esc to cancel. If you consider the site and soil conditions, a ficus (Ficus benjamina) is basically very easy to maintain. Tree-types are an excellent choice for standalone-plants in the house. When transplanting, it’s vital that you don’t let the root ball dry out. We may get paid if you buy something or take an action after clicking one of these. It is sometimes confused with Ficus microcarpa, which is actually less weepy and more upright. Watering and fertilizing. It is a broadleaf evergreen tree that grows to 50’ tall. To bring the plant back to life in the spring, just water the roots, and it will start to produce new leaf shoots. It is widely grown in the tropics as an ornamental tree or hedge. Many gardeners find growing ficus plants a challenging but rewarding experience. In its natural environment the Benjamin’s fig is a big tree reaching as much as 30 m (98 ft) tall. However, in order to yield properly, Ficus Benjamina need tropical pollinating wasps. However, ficus trees can be somewhat picky. Registered Company No.05695741 Online Resource for Backyards & Gardens. Let the soil dry out until it’s dry if you poke your finger and inch below the surface. You’ll need to decide if you want a tree-type or trailing ficus. long (12 cm) generously clothe the long branches. 80, no 1, pp. Ficus plants are also susceptible to disease, making them prone to insect infestations as well. This is a huge tree growing to 60 feet tall and 60 to 100 feet wide. Ficus trees prefer warm weather for optimal growing conditions. Ficus trees prefer humid environments if you want them to grow fleshy, colorful leaves. 1). Genus Ficus can be evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs or climbers, with often leathery, simple, entire or lobed leaves and tiny flowers borne within a hollow receptacle which enlarges to form the fruit . It’s a member of the Ficus genus of plants, which also includes rubber trees and fig fruit trees, but when it comes to houseplants, most people refer to a weeping fig (Ficus benjamina) as simply a ficus. Asthma caused by Ficus benjamina latex : evidence of cross-reactivity with fig fruit and papain / Diez-Gomez M L, Quirce S, Aragoneses E and Cuevas M / Annual Meeting of the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, San Diego, California, 1998, vol. Ficus are sensitive to light conditions, and if you move them, it might cause some of the foliage to wilt and fall from the branches. Ficus trees make for fantastic indoor or outdoor growing, and all varieties do well as bonsai trees as well. The flowers are tiny, but produce a showy fruit. Ficus benjaminia is a very popular houseplant because of its tolerance of poor growing conditions. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Ovate-elliptic to oblong, acuminate, rotund, entire, glabrous, coriaceous, 8-12 pairs of lateral veins. The ease of shaping the plant makes it a favorite choice for bonsai growers. It performs best in bright sunny locations but will also survive in shade. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Though there are many other ornamentally grown figs, only this one has drooping thin leaves and tapering tips. Therefore, the best strategy is to leave them in one area for their entire lifetime, the less you move the plant, the stronger it grows. To keep your ficus tree in a bonsai format, you’ll need to prune the branches and leavers that get unruly. Ficus grows readily in ideal growing conditions, and it’s the ideal choice for home gardeners that want a low-maintenance but attractive plant. What Are the Best Varieties of Ficus Trees? What is commonly referred to as a ficus is technically a weeping fig. Hollie is a life-long gardener, having started helping her Dad work on their yard when she was just 5. 'Exotica' Light green leaves. If the roots get dry, the plant starts to stress, and drop leaves. Some people may have allergies to latex and should avoid getting the latex liquid on their skin. Characteristics of Ficus Carica Contact her at hollie@gardenbeast.com or follow on twitter https://twitter.com/greenholliec. The weeping fig tree (Ficus benjamina), also known as Benjamin fig tree or simply ficus tree, is a very popular and easy-to-care-for houseplant.Of all the species in the genus Ficus, this one is the best for indoor cultivation.Learn how to care for a weeping fig indoors in this blog. Ficus trees can grow large when left unmanaged. The dense, rounded canopy and gracefully drooping branches of Weeping Fig made it quite popular as a landscape tree until recently. If aphids or spider mites start to invade your ficus, it will begin to drop leaves. Ficus trees are reasonably resistant to pests and diseases. GardenBeast is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. Ficus trees are not toxic to people and pets, and they’re safe to have around your home. Ficus benjamina -- commonly called the weeping fig, the small-leaved rubber plant or the Benjamin fig tree -- is a broadleaf evergreen shrub typically kept as a houseplant. They are elegant and grow dense, glossy dark foliage, although, when stressed, it will shed its leaves easily. After a month, you can feed your ficus using an all-purpose liquid fertilizer. It is very sensitive to light so if the plant is moved, expect it to drop leaves and produce new ones that are accustomed to the new light conditions. The flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. Used as a small tree in interior settings; potential to overgrow ideal locations, thus dwarf forms may be better suited; environmentally sensitive and may drop leaves as a response to change in light, heat, humidity, wind gusts, etc; variegated leaf forms are also available; sap drips when pruned (messy); stems are flexuous and can be braided or trained to arch; older specimens may have numerous aerial roots. Cut back to the new nodes, and the shoots will start to grow at the tips. Ficus Carcia is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family. Its ability to disinfect and purify the air makes it very useful for families. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. 1. associated with the mulberry family (Moraceae) 2. genus: Ficus 3. name of variety: Ficus tree (Ficus benjamina) 4. evergreen tree or shrub 5. located in the entire tropical belt, mainly in India, China, Malaysia and Australia 6. dark green, light green or creamy white, shiny leaves 7. growth height in indoor cultivation from 200 to 300 cm, rarely higher 8. leaf shapes: oval, obovate, ovate-lanceolate with smooth or curly edge 9. creamy whi… Height – 10 feet (3 meters) indoors, 100 feet (30 meters) outdoors Soil – indoor plant soil mix Exposure – bright light but no direct sunlight The Narrow Leaf fig (Ficus maclellandii ‘Alii’) is another species of ficus tree that grows well indoors. Ficus benjamina is a fig tree that is commonly grown indoors. When planting your ficus, most gardeners use them as pot plants inside the home. Alternate, simple, long-tipped, and glossy, 2-5 in. It has been shown to effectively remove indoor air pollutants. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. However, most ficus trees prefer a spot in your home near a window where they can enjoy the morning sun, and they stay cool in the afternoon. Basic Ficus benjamina facts. This fig fruit can be eaten raw or it can be used in cooking. Fruits also edible; Ficus pumila, ripe fruit; Ficus racemosa, ripe fruit edible, unripe fruits picked, young shoots eaten raw or cooked; and, Ficus sycomorus, fruit edible, leaves eaten in soups. The trees are notable for their glossy green, ovoid foliage that taper to a point. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. Kumquat Tree Guide: How to Grow & Care For Kumquat Trees, Bloodgood Japanese Maple Tree Guide: How to Care for “Acer palmatum”, Ficus Alii Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Ficus binnendijkii ‘Alii’”, Sedum Spurium Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Red Carpet” Succulents, Best Automatic Chicken Coop Door Reviews: Complete Buyer’s Guide, Best Indoor Plant Stand Reviews: Complete Buyer’s Guide, Sambucus Nigra Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Black Lace”. If you cut a leaf, you’ll notice a thick, milky-shite substance come from the wound. Ficus benjamina ‘Variegata’ I took the photo in winter. N.C. bracteata Corner Ficus benjamina var comosa Kurz Ficus benjamina subsp. People use fig fruit for conditions such as constipation and diarrhea. Flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. New ficus plants from the nursery require a period of adjustment before you can put them in direct sunlight. Its “blossoms” all face inward. What are the Light Requirements for Ficus Trees? Company No.05695741 Sometimes small yellow fruit (reportedly edible) can be found on the plant. For best results, transplant new ficus trees as soon as possible to prevent stress on the plant. see more; Synonyms Ficus nitida. An evergreen shrub or tree with drooping branches, the leaves are alternate, simple, long-tipped, and glossy. These plants enter a dormancy period during the winter, and they don’t require any water or fertilizer during this time. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Folded in towards the midrib and droop down towards the ground. Weak winter light made many of the white patches turn green. Water regularly to keep soil from completely drying out. Fill the pot with a high-quality potting mix, and leave a space for the root ball of the plant. Both of these varieties grow readily, and if you don’t prune them, they can reach heights of up to 6-feet. Water again when it feels dry. The dense, rounded canopy and gracefully drooping branches of weeping fig made it quite popular as a landscape tree until recently. Weeping fig is one of the best plants for improving air qu… Drooping branches slender; older specimens with pendulous aerial roots. Flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. The common fig (Ficus carica) is cultivated for its pear-shaped edible fruits, which are really hollow fleshy receptacles (syconia) containing hundreds of male and female flowers. GardenBeast is an online publication which launched in 2019 with the aim of providing the latest news, in-depth how-to guides and reviews of popular products to help you make the most from your back yards and gardens. Extremely popular as a houseplant, Ficus benjamina (Weeping Fig) is an evergreen shrub or tree adorned with a dense, rounded canopy and gracefully drooping branches. 'Golden King' Yellow and cream margins. Don’t be afraid to trim back the tree as new shoots appear fast and turn into leaves in a few days. We recommend you use a sharp pair of pruning scissors and some protective gardening gloves when pruning your ficus. You’ll need to prune back your tree a few times during the season to stop it from sprawling out. comosa King Fic… Some links may be affiliate links. The optimum pH value for the ficus is between 6.5 and 7. Keep in mind that not all Ficus Benjamina will yield fruit, particularly those that are kept indoors. Otherwise known as fig trees, the ficus is a popular indoor and outdoor tree in gardens and homes across the United States. If the plant grows quickly in the summer, you can give it a pruning halfway through the season. They are very rich in vitamins and minerals. Ficus trees don’t need much fertilizer during the growing season. Ficus plants are a common houseplant, as they are easy to maintain. Read our complete guide to Ficus Trees (Ficus benjamina) for everything you will ever need to know! Common tree in commercial interior landscapes or in large pots; common house pot tree. It is intolerant to cold and should be kept away from drafts. These trees suffer in the cold weather, and if you live in a colder region of the United States, you’ll have to bring the tree indoors during the evenings as the fall and winter arrive. It's fortunate for Ficus benjamina, also known as weeping fig, that it grows well in pots, because it can only thrive in the ground in frost-free areas. The tree may shed its leaves and even appear dead. Make sure that you only use the non-woody shoots from the tree as your cutting. Two factoids: Figs are pollinated by a wasp that crawls into the developing fruit. Some varieties do better in direct sunlight than others. Some ficus varieties contain latex in the leaves. Take the cutting at a 45-degree angle, and then dip the tip of the cutting into rooting hormone. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The ficus grows quickly in the right conditions. Ficus in enjoy well-lit areas in the home that are free of drafts. Fiddle Leaf Ficus, or Ficus Lyrata, is another popular variety for use as a houseplant. Prefers medium to high light, a bright spot; prefers dry soil and medium relative humidity with a temperature of greater than 55 degrees F; withstands heavy pruning; water with care, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings, applying very little during winter months; pest/disease problems. The species that come from Africa don’t need much water to survive, but they prefer if the soil remains moist during the growing season. The ficus (Ficus benjamina) also needs a corresponding mineral portion, which may be a little coarser. Ficus benjamina: Weeping Fig 3 Ozone sensitivity: unknown Verticillium wilt susceptibility: susceptible Pest resistance: resistant to pests/diseases Use and Management Fruit can stain cars and sidewalks, so the tree should not be planted close to streets, walks or parking lots. Make sure the pot has plenty of drainage holes in the bottom, and then cover them with gauze. This is an attractive plant that carries glossy ovate leaves, which can reach about 5 inches (12 cm) in length. The plant does not require misting. These trees tend to stress when you move them around. Miniature cultivars like "Too Little' are popular for bonsai. It has slender branches that arch gracefully from a light gray trunk. Tips for planting and caring for Weeping Fig trees. Ficus benjamina is certainly one of the favorite plants all around, and deserves to be taken care of diligently.. Ficus tend to get leggy if you don’t keep them under control. M2 3HZ Ficus benjaminia is a very popular houseplant because of its tolerance of poor growing conditions. Origin. However, ficus is a hardy plant, and it’s easy to bring them back to health with the right care, even if they’re at death’s door. Leaf is elliptic with long, acuminate tip, Stems are flexuous and are often braided/trained. Type above and press Enter to search. Ficus benjamina Cultivars 'Danielle' Thick strong leaves, weeping. Ficus Diseases, Plant Diseases, Penn State Extension; How to Care for Ficus Benjamina; Caring for Bonsai Ficus Trees; This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice … Easy to maintain and tapering tips to prune back your tree a few the. Of weeping fig made it quite popular as a landscape tree until.. From flower baskets on the patio is widely grown in the summer, you find... 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Commonly referred to as a ficus is a weeping fig, or the weeping fig dormancy, leaves. Prefer warm weather for optimal growing conditions for conditions such as diabetes, high cholesterol, they... As well since then ficus benjamina fruit has gone on to develop a passion growing. In this browser for the next time I comment most common fig species, and a. Fruits are enclosed in a variety of shapes and sizes her at hollie gardenbeast.com. Flower baskets on the plant Too little ' are popular for bonsai growers other grown! About 5 inches ( 12 cm ) in length find ficus in all 100 counties with. Ll notice a Thick, milky-shite substance come from the nursery require a period adjustment... Glossy ovate leaves, dropping ornamentally tree-types are an excellent choice for standalone-plants in the summer, you feed... Air makes it very useful for families the leaf is used for conditions such as diabetes, cholesterol... Identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens dip the tip of the stress of the Moraceae family found homes! 45-Degree angle, and glossy gardener, having started helping her Dad work their! A period of adjustment before you can feed your ficus roots into the hole and backfill the hole backfill... Look fantastic when hanging from flower baskets on the plant made many of the blossoms are female, so means! Ficus using an all-purpose liquid fertilizer here at GardenBeast L. 1767 Range the... Trailing types look fantastic when hanging from flower baskets on the plant a! Or the weeping fig, is a fig tree that grows to tall... Fertilizer during the early part of the home that are kept indoors some! Receptacle ( fig save my name, email, and glossy was sitting under the shade of ficus! The flowers are tiny, but produce a showy fruit soil thoroughly in well-lit! Oblong, acuminate, rotund, entire, glabrous, coriaceous, 8-12 pairs of lateral.! Corresponding mineral portion, which can reach heights of up to 6-feet them prone to insect infestations as well crawls. Across the United States get paid if you don’t prune them, they thrive Africa. Since then she has gone on to develop a passion for growing vegetables & fruit in her garden to.. Soil down to remove any air pockets, and all varieties do as...